Nature

Close, accessible and flourishing

The mountains of the Tuscan-Romagnolo Apennines offer endless possibilities for discovery and experience with the body, the mind, and all the senses. A gentle and welcoming nature for everyone all year round. A nature to be explored, a crossroads of paths and trails, a favourite destination for walkers, riders and cyclists. A nature to live, embrace and enjoy, with slow and contemplative rhythms.

The National Park of the Casentinesi Forests, Monte Falterona and Campigna, the most wooded park in Italy, protects a mountain range of over 1,500 metres in height, made up of cliffs and steep ravines on the Romagnolo side and ancient beech woods, white firs and valleys on the Tuscan side.

This is a natural environment that is still in a state of conservation. In addition to the Park Authority, it is also home to the Association of Model Forests and the Eco-Museum of the Florentine Mountains.

The National Park of the Casentinesi Forests, Monte Falterona and Campigna

Established in 1993, it represents a natural area of incredible beauty and environmental importance. It extends over 36,000 hectares of ancient woodland, rich in biodiversity and wildlife, and offers a complete immersion in nature thanks to its extensive network of paths. Walking among majestic trees, streams and waterfalls, you will come across picturesque places such as the hermitages of Camaldoli and La Verna, which have hosted figures of great spiritual and intellectual importance over the centuries. In 2017, the park’s ancient beech forests were declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Mount Falterona

Standing at approximately 1,654 meters, it offers spectacular views and lush nature, ideal for breathtaking hikes. Here lies the source of the Capo d’Arno, considered the origin of the homonymous river, and the Lake of the Idols, a small body of water of great cultural value, where numerous statuettes of Etruscan, Greco-Hellenistic, and Roman origins have been discovered. In antiquity, the mountain was considered sacred, a meeting point between heaven and earth, inhabited by deities. Its name derives from the Etruscan word “Fal truna,” meaning “throne of the gods”.

Londa Lake

Located a short distance from the historic centre of Londa, it is an artificial body of water that, since the 1970s, has become a characteristic feature of the village landscape and an attraction for visitors and residents alike. Its banks, with picnic areas, offer opportunities for relaxation and sporting activities. In the summer, it becomes the centre of the town’s life, the venue for festivals and events that attract people from the surrounding areas.

The Acquacheta Waterfall

This waterfall is located in the heart of the National Park of the Casentinesi Forests, where the Acquacheta, the main tributary of the Montone River, creates an extraordinary waterfall with a drop of over 70 metres. If the name sounds familiar, it may be because Dante mentions it in Canto XVI of the Inferno, where it is compared to the infernal waterfall of the Phlegethon. This natural spectacle can only be reached on foot along an easily accessible path that takes about 2 hours.

Flora

The Montagna Fiorentina boast a rich flora with over 1,000 herbaceous species and 48 species of trees and shrubs. The higher altitudes host ancient silver firs, beech and mountain maple forests, ash trees, elms, linden trees, hornbeams, yews, and hollies. In addition to the vegetation of the mountainous zone, all types of forests in the lower sub-mountainous zone are also well represented: black hornbeam, oak, and chestnut groves, as well as reforestations of black pine.

Fauna

The fauna of the Montagna Fiorentina is rich in fascinating species: among mammals, the most notable are ungulates such as fallow deer, roe deer, and deer, as well as wolves, while bird species number around a hundred, including some typical woodland birds like the tawny owl, tits, woodpeckers, and raptors such as the peregrine falcon, hobby falcon, and sparrowhawk. Eagles, royal owls, and peregrine falcons nest on the cliffs. In the Casentinesi Forests National Park, many species of bats, amphibians, and reptiles exist.

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